For persons who are not EU citizens and are planning to enter the EU from a non-EU country: the external borders of the EU remain closed until at least 15 June. But beyond that, the rules get more complicated:
- Land borders with all contiguous EU countries are currently closed.
- Border with Germany is scheduled to reopen 15 June.
- Arrivals by air from outside the Schengen Area are prohibited.
- Arrivals by air from within Schengen must provide a medical certificate not more than 4 days old showing negative COVID-19 test.
Belgium: Borders are closed and non-essential travel abroad is prohibited.
Bulgaria: Borders with Serbia and Greece will reopen 1 June.
- Borders are open to nationals of Czech Republic, Hungary, Austria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Slovakia, Germany, Slovenia.
- Persons arriving must self-isolate for 14 days if they have been in contact with an infected person.
- Commercial flights will resume on 9 June from Group 1: Greece, Malta, Bulgaria, Norway, Austria, Finland, Slovenia, Hungary, Israel, Denmark, Germany, Slovakia and Lithuania.
- Commercial flights will resume on 20 June from Group 2: Switzerland, Poland, Romania, Croatia, Estonia and Czech Republic.
- Beginning 9 June, all arrivals by air must provide a health certificate not more than 3 days old confirming they are free of COVID-19.
- Beginning 20 June, arrivals from Group 1 countries won't require health certificates.
- Borders with Germany, Austria, Slovakia and Hungary are open but with some restrictions.
- EU residents can enter for economic activities, to visit relatives or to study at university.
- All persons must prove themselves to test negative for COVID-19 upon arrival.
- With some exceptions, only citizens or residents of Denmark, Greenland or the Faroe Islands can enter.
- Persons with a permanent residence in Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden or Germany can re-enter if "in a relationship" with someone in Denmark, have grandparents there, or are traveling for business.
- Tourists from Germany, Iceland and Norway can visit Copenhagen.
- Open to visitors from other Baltic countries.
- Open to EU and UK citizens starting 1 June.
- Persons coming from countries with "high COVID-19 infection rates" must self-isolate for 14 days.
Finland: Open to workers from the Schengen area but otherwise closed until at least 14 June.
- Currently closed to all nonessential travel.
- Borders to reopen to nationals of EU countries and the UK on 15 June.
- Arrivals from the UK and Spain will be subject to voluntary quarantine.
- Borders will remain closed indefinitely to other arrivals, with limited exceptions.
- Arrivals are expected to have a "valid reason" for entering the country.
- "Checks" remain in place until 15 June for:
- Ground arrivals from Austria, Switzerland, France, Denmark
- Arrivals by air from Italy and Spain
- Citizens of the EU, UK, Liechtenstein, Switzerland, Norway and Iceland - and their family members - can enter Germany to return to their place of residence, or transit Germany en route to their country.
- Phase 1: 1-15 June
- Limited air arrivals at Athens only.
- All persons arriving must be tested and stay overnight at a designated hotel.
- Persons testing negative must quarantine for 7 days.
- Persons testing positive must remain in supervised quarantine for 14 days.
- Phase 2 : 15-30 June
- Tourism travel resumes.
- International air arrivals resume at Athens and Thessaloniki, but mandatory testing for some passengers upon arrival.
- Arrivals from airports listed by EASA must be tested at arrival, quarantine at designated hotel for 7 days if negative, 14 days if positive.
- Most other air arrivals will be subject to random tests.
- Open to land arrivals from Albania, North Macedonia and Bulgaria (but subject to random tests).
- Phase 3: after 1 July
- All airports open to international flights, arrivals subject to random tests.
- Open to arrivals by sea, subject to random tests.
- Additional restrictions for arrivals from certain countries to be announced later.
- Borders with Romania, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Slovenia and Serbia open but with restrictions.
- Border with Croatia open to those with a hotel reservation.
- Border with Austria closed.
- Borders to reopen 15 June.
- Visitors will be tested on arrival, notified of results by phone within hours.
- Disposition of positive tests to be determined.
- Arrivals from anywhere but NI - including returning residents - to self-isolate for 14 days.
- Most arrivals must complete a locator form.
- Borders to reopen to citizens of EU, UK, Schengen Area, Andorra and Monaco on 3 June.
- Cruises on Italian ships are suspended.
Latvia: Borders with Estonia and Lithuania open with no border checks as of 1 June.
- Borders with Estonia and Latvia open with no border checks as of 1 June.
- Polish citizens can enter for business and to study.
Luxembourg: Border with Germany is open.
- Closed to tourism until 1 July.
- Flights from Italy, Spain. France, Germany and Switzerland currently banned.
Netherlands: Open for travel within Schengen Area, but government advises against nonessential trips.
- Borders are closed to foreigners.
- Government advises against all nonessential international travel until 20 August.
- May be exemptions for some countries beginning 15 June.
- Residents returning from international travel must quarantine for 10 days.
Poland: Borders with Czech Republic, Slovakia and Germany are closed.
- Land border with Spain closed to tourists until at least 15 June.
- Arrivals to the Azores must quarantine.
Romania: Border with Hungary is now open.
Slovenia: Borders open to EU citizens, but anyone suspected of being infected must self-quarantine for 14 days.
- Borders with Hungary and Czech Republic open with restrictions.
- No quarantine required for stays of less than 48 hours.
- Possible pilot tourism restart 22 June may open borders to visitors from Germany, France, Scandinavia - no quarantine.
- Borders with France and Portugal to reopen to citizens of other countries 1 July.
- Ports and airports are closed to entry for nonessential travel to all but citizens and "habitual" residents of Spain.
- Persons entering from abroad prior to 1 July muist quarantine for 14 days.
- None of these restrictions apply to Andorra or Gibraltar.
Sweden: Until 15 June, nonessential travel is banned from countries outside the EU/EEA except for UK and Switzerland.
- Borders with Germany, Austria, France may reopen 15 June.
- Travel restrtictions at border with Italy to continue until further notice.
- Foreign nationals without residence or work permit will be denied entry.
- Arrivals by air at Zurich, Geneva, Basel only.
UK: Beginning 8 June, arrivals from abroad - except for Channel Islands or Isle of Man - must quarantine for 14 days.